How Fencing Evolved | XL Fencing

How Fencing Evolved

If you’re thinking of installing a fence, you’re in good company. Mankind has been erecting barriers for over 14,000 years. Archaeologists believe that even cave men built rudimentary fences. The barriers became an essential form of defense for civilizations around the globe.

Dirt and Stone

The simplest form of fencing was a mound of dirt surrounding communities. In some locations, it gave rise to water-filled moats as an added level of protection. Where stone was plentiful, it was also put to use as a fencing material for defensive purposes to keep livestock contained.

Wooden Fences

The earliest fences were constructed in Greece in 600 BC. They consisted of hewn logs that were sharpened to points at the top. They were known as stockade fences and were typically erected around an entire community or village to protect against attack.

Metal Upgrade

In the Neolithic Age, archaeological evidence shows that the Egyptians were the first to utilize metal fencing about 5,000 years ago. The Angelo-Saxons were fans of wrought iron, beginning in the 3rd century BC.

Modern Influences

As the need for purely defensive measures decreased, fencing became more ornamental in appearance, with the primary purposes being:

  • Privacy
  • Security
  • Safety
  • Mark property boundaries
  • Decorative purposes
  • Increased property value
  • Buffer sounds

Material Choices Multiply

As technology advanced, new materials were introduced that were almost maintenance free, aesthetically pleasing, and cost effective. Some materials will even withstand 130 mph hurricane winds.


As a material, wood is still a popular choice. It’s being utilized vertically, horizontally and diagonally to craft unique styles. Wood can also be combined with other types of materials for innovative designs.


Fencing constructed of aluminum is now being erected in places that would traditionally be occupied by wrought iron. It’s durable, is almost maintenance free, customizable, and presents a sophisticated and elegant appearance.


The material offers a sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly solution. It can be installed in many different ways and requires little maintenance. It comes in a range of colors and can even be manufactured to imitate the appearance of natural stone or wood.

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